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Capture from Frequency Band with Multiple Antennas

This example shows how to use a software-defined radio (SDR) to capture data from a specified frequency band using multiple antennas. The example then plots the frequency spectrum of the captured data.

Set Up Radio

Call the radioConfigurations function. The function returns all available radio setup configurations that you saved using the Radio Setup wizard. For more information, see Connect and Set Up NI USRP Radios.

radios = radioConfigurations;

Specify the name of a saved radio setup configuration to use with this example.

radioName = radios(1).Name;

Specify Frequency Band

Specify the start and the end of the frequency band. By default, this example captures the 470–694 MHz frequency band, typically allocated to TV broadcasting channels 21–48.

frequencyBand.Start = 470000000;
frequencyBand.End = 694000000;
frequencyBand.Width = frequencyBand.End-frequencyBand.Start;
frequencyBand.MidPoint = frequencyBand.Start + frequencyBand.Width/2;

Configure Baseband Receiver

Create a baseband receiver object with the specified radio. To speed up the execution time of this example upon subsequent runs, reuse the workspace object from the first run of the example.

if ~exist("bbrx","var")
    bbrx = basebandReceiver(radioName);
end

To capture the full width of the frequency band with two antennas:

  • Set the SampleRate property to a value that is greater than or equal to half the width of the frequency band.

  • Set the CenterFrequency property to the values that correspond to the middle of each half of the frequency band.

  • Set the Antennas property to values that correspond to two independently tunable antennas on the SDR.

bbrx.SampleRate = 122.88e6;
bbrx.CenterFrequency = [frequencyBand.MidPoint-frequencyBand.Width/4,...
                        frequencyBand.MidPoint+frequencyBand.Width/4];
bbrx.Antennas = ["RF0:RX2","RF1:RX2"];

Set the RadioGain property according to the local signal strength.

bbrx.RadioGain = 60;
bbrx.CaptureDataType = "double";

Capture IQ Data

To capture IQ data from the specified frequency band, call the capture function on the baseband receiver object. Specify the length of the capture.

captureLength = milliseconds(100);
data = capture(bbrx,captureLength);

Resample then Shift Captured Data

Resample then shift the captured data channels by modulating with a carrier waveform.

resampledData = resample(data,length(bbrx.Antennas),1);

for antenna = 1 : length(bbrx.Antennas)
    carrierGen = dsp.SineWave(...
        Frequency=bbrx.CenterFrequency(antenna)-frequencyBand.MidPoint,...
        SampleRate=bbrx.SampleRate*length(bbrx.Antennas),...
        SamplesPerFrame=length(resampledData),...
        ComplexOutput=true);
    resampledData(:,antenna) = resampledData(:,antenna).*carrierGen();
end

Plot Spectrum of Captured Data

Create a dsp.SpectrumAnalyzer object. Set the sample rate of the spectrum analyzer object to the resampled rate of the captured data. Plot the spectrum of the resampled data.

PlotPowerLimits = [-120, -60];
 

spectrumScope = dsp.SpectrumAnalyzer;
spectrumScope.SampleRate = bbrx.SampleRate*length(bbrx.Antennas);
spectrumScope.FrequencyOffset = frequencyBand.MidPoint;
spectrumScope.YLimits = PlotPowerLimits;
spectrumScope.SpectrumUnits = "dBFS";
spectrumScope.FullScaleSource = "Property";
spectrumScope.FullScale = 1;
spectrumScope(resampledData);
release(spectrumScope);

See Also

Functions

Objects

Related Topics