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Test Bench Generation

You can generate a HDL Testbench for a subsystem or model reference that you specify in your Simulink® model. The coder generates an HDL test bench by running a Simulink simulation to capture input vectors and expected output data for your DUT.

How Test Bench Generation Works

HDL Coder™ writes the DUT stimulus and reference data from your MATLAB® or Simulink simulation to data files (.dat).

During HDL simulation, the HDL test bench reads the saved stimulus from the .dat files. The test bench compares the actual DUT output with the expected output, which is also saved in .dat files. After you generate code, the message window displays links to the test bench data files.

Reference data is delayed by one clock cycle in the waveform viewer compared to default test bench generation due to the delay in reading data from files.

Test Bench Data Files

The coder saves stimulus and reference data for each DUT input and output in a separate test bench data file (.dat), with the following exceptions:

  • Two files are generated for the real and imaginary parts of complex data.

  • Constant DUT input data is written to the test bench as constants.

Vector input or output data is saved as a single file.

Test Bench Data Type Limitations

If you have double, single, or enumeration data types at the DUT inputs and outputs, the simulation data is generated as constants in the test bench code, instead of writing the simulation data to files.

Use Constants Instead of File I/O

You can generate test bench stimulus and reference data as constants in the test bench code instead of using file I/O. Simulating a long running test bench that uses constants requires more memory than a test bench that uses file I/O.

If your DUT inputs or outputs use data types that are not supported for file I/O, test bench generation automatically generates data as constants. For details, see Test Bench Data Type Limitations.

Using the HDL Workflow Advisor

To generate a test bench that uses constants:

  1. In the HDL Code Generation > Set Code Generation Options > Set Testbench Options task, clear Use file I/O to read/write test bench data and click Apply.

  2. In the HDL Code Generation > Generate RTL Code and Testbench task, select Generate RTL testbench and click Apply.

Using the Command Line

To generate a test bench that uses constants, use the UseFileIOInTestBench parameter with makehdltb.

For example, to generate a Verilog® test bench by using constants for a DUT subsystem, sfir_fixed/symmetric_fir, enter:


See Also

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