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arguments block seems wrong

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Duijnhouwer
Duijnhouwer il 21 Ago 2020
Commentato: Walter Roberson il 22 Ago 2020
the arguments block can be used to validate input arguments. Great! Except that it doesn't seem to work as advertised.
According to the documentation (doc arguments)
"The value assigned to the argument in the function call must be compatible with the specified size, or MATLAB throws an error."
However, when calling this function
function a=f(a)
arguments
a (1,3) double
end
end
with a scalar
>> f(1)
ans =
1 1 1
The function expands the erroneous scalar argument to a 3-element vector instead of casting the error that was promised!
Why would this be? Am I reading it wrong?
  1 Commento
Duijnhouwer
Duijnhouwer il 21 Ago 2020
Modificato: Duijnhouwer il 21 Ago 2020
>> disp(version)
9.8.0.1417392 (R2020a) Update 4

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Risposte (1)

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson il 21 Ago 2020
Documented. The size of the input must be "compatible" taking into account implicit expansion.
https://www.mathworks.com/help/matlab/matlab_prog/function-argument-validation-1.html#mw_48fe4f61-8ee4-424b-ae2b-c82b8d051910
  5 Commenti
Bruno Luong
Bruno Luong il 22 Ago 2020
Only scalar expansion is tolerated by ARGUMENTS, which exists in MATLAB well before R2016b
function a=f(a)
arguments
a (5,3) double
end
end
I don't know what Walter meant by implicit expansion, but the singleton expansion is not tolerated.
>> f(rand(5,3))
ans =
0.6229 0.9431 0.6980
0.2473 0.5422 0.9468
0.9195 0.5459 0.2302
0.0582 0.1777 0.2003
0.9456 0.8473 0.7904
>> f(rand(1))
ans =
0.0317 0.0317 0.0317
0.0317 0.0317 0.0317
0.0317 0.0317 0.0317
0.0317 0.0317 0.0317
0.0317 0.0317 0.0317
>> f(rand(5,1))
Error using f
Invalid argument at position 1. Value must be a matrix of size 5-by-3.
>> f(rand(1,3))
Error using f
Invalid argument at position 1. Value must be a matrix of size 5-by-3.
>>
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson il 22 Ago 2020
Ah, this part seems to be the key:
MATLAB indexed assignment rules apply to size specifications. For example, a 1-by-1 value is compatible with the size specified as (5,3) because MATLAB applies scalar expansion. Also, MATLAB row-column conversion applies so that a size specified as (1,:) can accept a size of 1-by-n and n-by-1.

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