Maximum length sequence
returns an excitation signal
generated using the maximum length sequence (MLS) technique. This type of sequence is a
pseudo-random binary sequence.
excitation = mls
Estimate Impulse Response Using MLS Excitation
audioread to read in an impulse response recording. Create a
dsp.FrequencyDomainFIRFilter object to perform frequency domain filtering using the known impulse response.
[irKnown,fs] = audioread('ChurchImpulseResponse-16-44p1-mono-5secs.wav'); systemModel = dsp.FrequencyDomainFIRFilter(irKnown');
Create an MLS excitation signal by using the
mls function. The MLS excitation signal must be longer than the impulse response. Note that the length of the MLS excitation is extended to the next power of two minus one.
excitation = mls(numel(irKnown)+1); plot(excitation) title('Excitation')
Replicate the excitation signal four times to measure the average of three measurements. The recording of the first MLS sequence does include all the impulse response information, so
impzest discards it as a warmup run. Pad the excitation signal with zeros to account for the filter latency.
numRuns = 4; excrep = repmat(excitation,numRuns,1); excrep = [excrep;zeros(numel(irKnown)+1,1)];
Pass the excitation signal through the known filter and then add noise to model a real-word recording (system response). Cut the delay introduced at the beginning by the filter.
rec = systemModel(excrep); rec = rec + 0.1*randn(size(rec)); rec = rec(numel(irKnown)+2:end,:); plot(rec) title('System Response')
In a real-world scenario, the MLS sequence is played back in the system under test while recording. The recording would be cut so that it begins at the moment the MLS sequence is picked-up and truncated to last the duration of the repeated sequence.
Pass the excitation signal and the system response to the
impzest function to estimate the impulse response. Plot the known impulse response and the simulation of the estimated impulse response for comparison.
irEstimate = impzest(excitation,rec); samples = 1:numel(irKnown); plot(samples,irEstimate(samples),'bo', ... samples,irKnown(samples),'m.') legend('Known impulse response','Simulation of estimated impulse response')
Generate MLS Signal
Generate an MLS signal that is 2^14-1 samples long and has a level of -5 dB.
L = 2^14-1; level = -5; excitation = mls(L,'ExcitationLevel',level);
Visualize the excitation in time and time-frequency. For the time-domain plot, plot only the first 200 samples for visibility. The pattern is constant.
L — Length of excitation signal
32767 (default) | scalar in the range [3,229)
Length of excitation signal to generate, specified as a scalar in the range [3,229).
The requested output length
L must be a power of two minus one.
Otherwise, the output length increases to the next valid length.
If you use the excitation signal generated by the
function to record and estimate the impulse response of a system, then the length of
the excitation signal must be at least as long as the impulse response that you want
Specify optional pairs of arguments as
the argument name and
Value is the corresponding value.
Name-value arguments must appear after other arguments, but the order of the
pairs does not matter.
Before R2021a, use commas to separate each name and value, and enclose
Name in quotes.
ExcitationLevel — Level of the excitation signal to generate (dB)
scalar in the range
Level of the excitation signal to generate in dB, specified as a scalar in the
excitation — Excitation signal
Excitation signal generated using the maximum length sequence (MLS) technique, returned as a column vector.
 Guy-Bart, Stan, Jean-Jacques Embrechts, and Dominique Archambeau. "Comparison of Different Impulse Response Measurement Techniques." Journal of Audio Engineering Society. Vol. 50, Issue 4, 2002, pp. 246–262.