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Check for and Review Coding Standard Violations

With Polyspace®, you can check your C/C++ code for violations of coding rules such as MISRA C™:2012 rules. Adhering to coding rules can reduce the number of defects and improve the quality of your code.

Polyspace can detect coding rule violations for these standards:

  • MISRA C:2004

  • MISRA C:2012

  • MISRA C:2023

  • MISRA™ C++

  • JSF AV C++

  • AUTOSAR C++14

  • CERT® C

  • CERT C++

  • CWE™

  • ISO®/IEC TS 17961

  • Guidelines

Configure Coding Rules Checking

Example Coding Standards & Code Metrics pane

Specify Standard and Predefined Checker Subsets

Specify the coding rules through Polyspace analysis options. When you run Bug Finder, the analysis looks for coding rule violations in addition to other checks. You can disable the other checks and look for coding rule violations only.

In the Polyspace user interface (desktop products), the options are on the Configuration pane under the Coding Standards & Code Metrics node.

For C code, use one of these options:

For C++ code, use one of these options:

You can specify a predefined subset of rules, for instance, mandatory for MISRA C:2012. These subsets are typically defined by the standard.

You can also define naming conventions for identifiers using regular expressions. See Enforce Naming Conventions for C/C++ Variables and Functions.

Customize Checker Subsets

Instead of the predefined subsets, you can specify your own subset of rules from a coding standard.

User Interface (Desktop Products Only)

  1. Select the coding standard. From the drop-down list for the subset of rules, select from-file. Click Edit.

  2. In the Checkers selection window, the coding standard is highlighted on the left pane. On the right pane, select the rules that you want to include in your analysis.

    • When selecting Guidelines > Software Complexity checkers, review their thresholds. If the default thresholds are not acceptable, specify a suitable threshold in the Threshold column. See Check guidelines (-guidelines).

    • When selecting Custom rules, review the Pattern and Convention for the rules. See Check custom rules (-custom-rules).

A snapshot of the Findings selection window.

When you save the rule selections, the configuration is saved in an XML file that you can reuse for multiple analyses. The same file contains rules selected for all coding standards. You can reuse this file across multiple projects to enforce common coding standards in a team or organization. To reuse this file in another project in the Polyspace user interface:

  • Choose a coding standard in the project configuration. From the drop-down list for the subset of rules, select from-file.

  • Click Edit and browse to the file location. Alternatively, enter the file name as argument for the option Set checkers by file (-checkers-selection-file).

Command Line.  With the Polyspace desktop products, you can create a coding standard XML file in the user interface and then use this file for command-line analysis. Provide this XML file with the option Set checkers by file (-checkers-selection-file).

With the Polyspace Server products, you have to create a coding standard XML from scratch. Depending on the standard that you want to enable, make a writeable copy of one of the files in polyspaceserverroot\polyspace\examples\doc_cxx\coding_standards_XML and turn off rules using entries in the XML file (all rules from a standard are enabled in the template). Here, polyspaceserverroot is the root installation folder for the Polyspace Server products, for instance, C:\Program Files\Polyspace Server\R2024a.

For instance, to turn off MISRA C:2012 rule 8.1, use this entry in a copy of the file misra_c_2012_rules.xml:

<standard name="MISRA C:2012">
  <section name="8 Declarations and definitions">
      <check id="8.1" state="off">

When using the Guideline checkers, specify their threshold between the threshold tags. For instance, to activates the checker Cyclomatic complexity exceeds threshold and set the threshold for the checker to five, use this entry in a copy of the guidelines.xml:

<check id="SC18" state="on">

To use the XML file for a MISRA C:2012 analysis in Bug Finder, enter:

polyspace-bug-finder -sources filename -misra3 from-file -checkers-selection-file misra_c_2012_rules.xml

For full list of rule id-s and section names, see:


The XML format of the checker configuration file can change in future releases.

Check for Coding Standards Only

A Bug Finder analysis checks C/C++ code for:

  • A default set of defects (bugs)

  • Adherence to any coding standard that you specify.

To check for coding standards only, disable defect checking entirely. Specify none for the option Find defects (-checkers).

Review Coding Rule Violations

A snapshot of a typical Polyspace result showing a coding rule violation.

After analysis, you see the coding standard violations on the Results List pane. Select a violation to see further details on the Result Details pane and the source code on the Source pane.

Violations of coding standards are indicated in the source code with the icon.

For further steps, see Review Analysis Results or Review Polyspace Bug Finder Results in Web Browser.

Generate Reports

You can generate reports using templates that are explicitly defined for coding standards. Use the CodingStandards template. This template:

  • Reports only coding standard violations in your analysis results, and omits other types of results such as defects, run-time errors or code metrics.

  • Creates a separate chapter in the report for each coding standard. the chapter provides an overview of all violations of the standard and then lists each violation.

To specify a report template, use the option Bug Finder and Code Prover report (-report-template).

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