meshgrid

2-D and 3-D grids

Syntax

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y)
[X,Y] = meshgrid(x)
[X,Y,Z] = meshgrid(x,y,z)
[X,Y,Z] = meshgrid(x)

Description

example

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y) returns 2-D grid coordinates based on the coordinates contained in vectors x and y. X is a matrix where each row is a copy of x, and Y is a matrix where each column is a copy of y. The grid represented by the coordinates X and Y has length(y) rows and length(x) columns.

example

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x) is the same as [X,Y] = meshgrid(x,x), returning square grid coordinates with grid size length(x)-by-length(x).

example

[X,Y,Z] = meshgrid(x,y,z) returns 3-D grid coordinates defined by the vectors x, y, and z. The grid represented by X, Y, and Z has size length(y)-by-length(x)-by-length(z).

example

[X,Y,Z] = meshgrid(x) is the same as [X,Y,Z] = meshgrid(x,x,x), returning 3-D grid coordinates with grid size length(x)-by-length(x)-by-length(x).

Examples

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Create 2-D grid coordinates with x-coordinates defined by the vector x and y-coordinates defined by the vector y.

x = 1:3;
y = 1:5;
[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y)
X = 5×3

     1     2     3
     1     2     3
     1     2     3
     1     2     3
     1     2     3

Y = 5×3

     1     1     1
     2     2     2
     3     3     3
     4     4     4
     5     5     5

Evaluate the expression x2+y2 over the 2-D grid.

X.^2 + Y.^2
ans = 5×3

     2     5    10
     5     8    13
    10    13    18
    17    20    25
    26    29    34

Create a 2-D grid with uniformly spaced x-coordinates and y-coordinates in the interval [-2,2].

x = -2:0.25:2;
y = x;
[X,Y] = meshgrid(x);

Evaluate and plot the function f(x,y)=xe-x2-y2 over the 2-D grid.

F = X.*exp(-X.^2-Y.^2);
surf(X,Y,F)

Starting in R2016b, it is not always necessary to create the grid before operating over it. For example, computing the expression xe-x2-y2 implicitly expands the vectors x and y. For more information on implicit expansion, see Array vs. Matrix Operations.

surf(x,y,x.*exp(-x.^2-(y').^2))

Create 3-D grid coordinates from x-, y-, and z-coordinates defined in the interval [0,6], and evaluate the expression x2+y2+z2.

x = 0:2:6;
y = 0:1:6;
z = 0:3:6;
[X,Y,Z] = meshgrid(x,y,z);
F = X.^2 + Y.^2 + Z.^2;

Determine the size of the grid. The three coordinate vectors have different lengths, forming a rectangular box of grid points.

gridsize = size(F)
gridsize = 1×3

     7     4     3

Use the single-input syntax to generate a uniformly spaced 3-D grid based on the coordinates defined in x. The new grid forms a cube of grid points.

[X,Y,Z] = meshgrid(x);
G = X.^2 + Y.^2 + Z.^2;
gridsize = size(G)
gridsize = 1×3

     4     4     4

Input Arguments

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x-coordinates of points, specified as a vector.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

y-coordinates of points, specified as a vector.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

z-coordinates of points, specified as a vector.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Output Arguments

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x-coordinates over a grid, returned as a 2-D (two inputs) or 3-D array (three inputs).

y-coordinates over a grid, returned as a 2-D (two inputs) or 3-D array (three inputs).

z-coordinates over a grid, returned as a 3-D array.

Tips

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

Introduced before R2006a