## Adjusting plot fill to show two colours depending on overestima​​tion/unde​r​estimati​on

### mashtine (view profile)

on 27 Nov 2014
Latest activity Commented on by mashtine

on 9 Feb 2015

### Thorsten (view profile)

Hello,
I have the following code to plot my observed readings versus my modelled readings and the code works fine but does not clearly show regions where my modelled data is greater than observed data.
% Create figure
figure1 = figure;
XData = mod1_2001_2014(x,1)';
YData1 = mod1_2001_2014(x,5)';
YData2 = mod1_2001_2014(x,4)';
% Plot with fill
X = [XData fliplr(XData)];
Y = [YData1 fliplr(YData2)];
fill(X,Y,[0.678431391716003 0.921568632125854 1]);
ylim([0 max(YData2)+3])
I was wondering if there is a way to have this so that when the YData2 > YData1 the fill is red and when YData1 > YData2, the fill is the colour it is now.
Any ideas? Thank you!

### Thorsten (view profile)

on 27 Nov 2014
Edited by Thorsten

### Thorsten (view profile)

on 5 Feb 2015

or my solution that does need no interpolation but computes the intersection points.
function fillline(x, y1, y2, col1, col2)
% Thorsten Hansen 2015-05-02 2014-11-27
% http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/34876--greater-than--fill
if nargin < 3
x = -10:10;
y1 = sin(x);
y2 = cos(x);
end
if nargin < 5
col1 = [1 0 0];
col2 = [0 0 1];
end
hold on
colpatch(y1 >= y2, col1, x, y1, y2)
colpatch(y2 >= y1, col2, x, y1, y2)
plot(x, y1, '-', 'Color', col1)
plot(x, y2, '-', 'Color', col2)
hold off
function colpatch(ind, col, x, y1, y2)
% special case 1: all values of y2 below y1: nothing to fill
if ~any(ind)
return
end
% define fill color as a lighter version of the color on the line above
col = lighten(col);
% force row vectors for proper concatenation in fill below
x = x(:)'; y1 = y1(:)'; y2 = y2(:)'; ind = ind(:)';
% special case 2: no intersections, all values of y2 above y1
if all(ind)
fill([x x(end) fliplr(x) x(1)], ...
[y1 y1(end) fliplr(y2) y2(1)], col, 'EdgeColor', col);
return
end
% general case: y1 and y2 intersect
val = cumsum(diff([0 ind]) == 1).*ind;
v = 1;
ind = find(val == v);
while ~isempty(ind)
xi = x(ind); y1i = y1(ind); y2i = y2(ind);
% determine intersections to fill area between intersections
% determine left intercept
ii = ind(1);
if ii > 1
line1 = [x(ii) y1(ii); x(ii-1) y1(ii-1)];
line2 = [x(ii) y2(ii); x(ii-1) y2(ii-1)];
[xis_left yis_left] = lineintercept(line1, line2);
else
xis_left = [];
yis_left = [];
end
% determine right intercept
ii = ind(end);
if ii < numel(x)
line1 = [x(ii) y1(ii); x(ii+1) y1(ii+1)];
line2 = [x(ii) y2(ii); x(ii+1) y2(ii+1)];
[xis_right yis_right] = lineintercept(line1, line2);
else
xis_right = [];
yis_right = [];
end
fill([xis_left xi xis_right fliplr(xi)], ...
[yis_left y1i yis_right fliplr(y2i)], col, 'EdgeColor', col);
%set(h), pause
v = v + 1; % next patch
ind = find(val == v); % indices of next patch
end
function [xis yis] = lineintercept(line1, line2)
slope = @(line) (line(2,2) - line(1,2))/(line(2,1) - line(1,1));
m1 = slope(line1);
m2 = slope(line2);
intercept = @(line,m) line(1,2) - m*line(1,1);
b1 = intercept(line1,m1);
b2 = intercept(line2,m2);
% intersection
xis = (b2-b1)/(m1-m2);
yis = m1*xis + b1;
%plot(xis,yis,'ko','MarkerSize',10)
function col = lighten(col)
col = col + 0.8*([1 1 1] - col);

mashtine

### mashtine (view profile)

on 4 Feb 2015
Hi Thorsten,
Thanks again for this! Ran into another issue. When I reach to row 155 of my testdata (attached) the code goes wonky and I think it has to do with when y2 is greater than y1. It does not seem to be doing the switch even with both versions above. Unfortunately I am not too familiar with the colpatch function to figure it out myself.
Thorsten

### Thorsten (view profile)

on 5 Feb 2015
Hi Masao,
I missed to also force "ind" to be a row vector. Please find the updated fillline function above. Hope this works now smoothly for everything :-)
Best,
Thorsten
mashtine

on 9 Feb 2015
Thank you!

### Luuk van Oosten (view profile)

on 27 Nov 2014

Dear Massao,
I do not know exactly how your data looks like, but you could use somthing like:
for i=1:lenght(yourdataset)
if YData1 < YData2 % Let matlab check if Ydata2 is larger than YData1
scatter( x(i,1), y(i,5), 15, [1 0 0], 'filled') hold on;
else % if this condition is not matched, then do the following:
scatter( x(i,1), y(i,4),15, [0 0.68 0.92], 'filled') hold on;
end
Have fun!

mashtine

### mashtine (view profile)

on 27 Nov 2014
Hi Luuk,
Unfortunately this is not what I want. I would like both y plot on one graph as lines with the space between them filled (as with my code above). I just want to adjust it so that regions where YData2 > YData1 the fill is red and when YData1 > YData2, the fill is the colour it is now. Attached is what I currently have but it shows the same colour during times when the lines criss-cross
Luuk van Oosten

### Luuk van Oosten (view profile)

on 27 Nov 2014
Oops, excuse me. I'm not very familiar with plotting lines.
nevertheless, if you try something analogous to
if Ydata1 < Ydata2
fill stuff in fancy blue
else
fill stuff in red
I would expect that to work.
mashtine

### mashtine (view profile)

on 27 Nov 2014
Thanks Luuk but I am not sure how to do that will the flipr function