# How to plot intensity profile of an image

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Viron Gil Estrada il 22 Mar 2018
Commentato: Vivek il 10 Ago 2022
I want to plot the intensity profile of this image. I tried using improfile but I don't really know how it works. Can anyone help?
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Walter Roberson il 22 Mar 2018
An intensity profile along which direction?
If you want a profile along a horizontal or vertical line then just use array indexing to extract the vector, and then plot it.

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### Risposta accettata

Akira Agata il 22 Mar 2018
Like this?
x = [0 size(I,2)];
y = [size(I,1)/2 size(I,1)/2];
c = improfile(I,x,y);
figure
subplot(2,1,1)
imshow(I)
hold on
plot(x,y,'r')
subplot(2,1,2)
plot(c(:,1,1),'r')
hold on
plot(c(:,1,2),'g')
plot(c(:,1,3),'b')
##### 5 CommentiMostra 3 commenti meno recentiNascondi 3 commenti meno recenti
Warid Islam il 9 Lug 2019
Hi,
How can we plot the intensity profile of the same image along the vertical direction instead of the horizontal direction? Thank you.
Elif il 4 Ago 2021
How can we measure the areas under these curves?

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### Più risposte (4)

Akira Agata il 9 Lug 2019
Hi Warid-san,
You can do it by the same way, like the following.
% Since size(I,2)/2 = 215.5, I have set the value '215' directly for x
x = [215 215];
y = [0 size(I,1)];
c = improfile(I,x,y);
figure
subplot(2,1,1)
imshow(I);
hold on
plot(x,y,'r')
subplot(2,1,2)
plot(c(:,1,1),'r')
hold on
plot(c(:,1,2),'g')
plot(c(:,1,3),'b')
##### 4 CommentiMostra 2 commenti meno recentiNascondi 2 commenti meno recenti
Akira Agata il 23 Mar 2020
Hi Manoj-san,
Could you upload a sample image file for trying?
Vivek il 10 Ago 2022
Hi Akira San,How Can you plot the 1D profile of a rectangular region instead of just line ?Tx,vivek

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Lorenzo Gentili il 20 Ago 2019
Hi Akira,
I'm trying to obtain an intesity profile of the image below, but I need more than a line. I would like to have at least 5 vertical line in order to understand how the intesity vary in different point of the image ( lets say the 2 boundaries, the center and 2 point between the boundaries and the center). Is it possible to obtain an unique intensity profile that is the sum of 5 intesity profile obtained by the verical lines ?
Lorenzo
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YOGITAA YOGITAA il 2 Mar 2022
Image Analyst il 3 Mar 2022
Modificato: Image Analyst il 3 Mar 2022
@YOGITAA YOGITAA, here is the code:
verticalProfile = mean(grayImage(:, column1:column2), 2);
horizontalProfile = mean(grayImage(row1:row2, :), 1);

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r r il 15 Mag 2020
Modificato: Walter Roberson il 16 Mag 2020
I have image of a tumor in it and I want to do it the same way https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/389889-how-to-plot-intensity-profile-of-an-image
, but every time the response is
'improfile' requires Image Processing Toolbox.
Error in line (line 4)
c = improfile(I,x,y);
##### 1 CommentoMostra -1 commenti meno recentiNascondi -1 commenti meno recenti
Walter Roberson il 16 Mag 2020
You need the Image Processing Toolbox to use improfile()
improfile() uses linspace() to create vectors of coordinates between the two endpoints, and uses interp2() to interpolate at the coordinates; it does the interpolation once for each color channel.
The question then becomes what coordinates you should interplate at

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fransec il 9 Giu 2020
Hello everybody,
Anyone knows how to make an image profile like ones you showed, but but along the diagonal of an image?
Thank you so much.
##### 2 CommentiMostra NessunoNascondi Nessuno
Walter Roberson il 9 Giu 2020
[rows, cols, ~] = size(YourImage);
n = min(rows,cols);
prof_diag = improfile(YourImage, [1 n], [1 n]); %diagonal
prof_antidiag = improfile(YourImage, [n 1], [1 n]); %anti-diagonal
Christopher Gordon il 22 Feb 2021
Hey! Question along the same lines. I have 30 vertical lines across a 1024 column image/matrix. Is there a way that I can interpolate/extrapolate the remaining columns to get the entire image/matrix?

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