148 visualizzazioni (ultimi 30 giorni)
Wayne King il 25 Mag 2012
That depends. The filter coefficients are the coefficients of the difference equation. If your filter is an FIR filter, then the filter coefficients are the values of the impulse response.
If you have an IIR filter, then the filter coefficients are not the same as the impulse response. Remember in that case the impulse response is infinite.
b = fir1(10,0.2);
h = impz(b);
[b,a] = butter(10,0.2);
h = impz(b,a);
But the ratio of Z-transforms of the numerator coefficients to denominator coefficiens is equal to the Z-transform of the impulse response.
For example - consider the IIR system with the following difference equation
y(n)-0.8*y(n-1) = x(n)
So the filter coefficients are:
A = [1 -0.8]; B =1;
The impulse response is:
h(n) = 0.8^n*u(n) where u(n) is the unit step. But compare:
h1 = impz(B,A);
stem(h1,'color',[1 0 0]);
n = 0:length(h1)-1;
h = 0.8.^n;
stem(h,'color',[0 0 1]);
Più risposte (2)
Wayne King il 28 Mag 2012
The unit step should be treated in your DSP book.
For a sequence, the unit step sequence is the sequence which is 1 for n>=0 and 0 for all n<0.
As far as your other question, I solved the difference equation. I think if you search the web, you will find plenty of material on solving difference equations. This forum does not lend itself to me walking through that solution here.