Best practise for quickly changing parameters of a function?

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Let's say I have the below function (just as an example), which segments objects in an image. I'm testing it on different images. Each time I run it I might want to adjust parameters, e.g. in this case, the numbers 0.38, 800, and 32, to see if it now works better with my images.
function burnedAnt = createAntSegmentation(ant)
greyant = rgb2gray(ant);
adaptedAnt = adaptthresh(greyant, 0.38,"ForegroundPolarity","dark"); % threshold image.
BW = imbinarize(greyant,adaptedAnt); % binarize ant image
BWopen = bwareaopen(~BW,800); % exclude pixels smaller than X
se = strel("disk",32); % create shape used for dilating image
BWdilate = imdilate(BWopen,se); % dilate image
BWfilled = imfill(BWdilate,"holes"); % fill in any holes
burnedAnt = imoverlay(ant,~BWfilled,"k"); %produce final image
Instead of scrolling through the code and manually changing each value, what is the best way / reccomended way to quickly do this? I was thinking of having several variables at the top of my script, and then calling these variables in the function. This intuitively seems good to me as it's visually easy to see what they are.
% adjust these values before running function
adaptedThreshValue = 0.38
BWopenValue = 800
seDiskSize = 32
Or is it better to have the values all in one matrix, like this, and index them in the function instead?
functionValues = [0.38, 800, 32]
% 1 = adapted threshold value
% 2 = BWopen value
% 3 = se disk size value
In this way, when I've got a couple of functions in one script, I figure it'll make things much quicker to change, and I can copy + paste the parameters that I ran before, and save them as text in several lines to keep track of what I've been trying out. But, I've only been working on Matlab for a few weeks so thought I would see what everyone reccomends. Thanks!
BC on 26 Feb 2021
Edited: BC on 26 Feb 2021
This works perfectly, thank you. I can also just directly call the structure fields in the function without the last part of the code you provided. Is there any reason (in general) not to do this? e.g.
adaptedAnt = adaptthresh(greyant, param.threshold_value,"ForegroundPolarity","dark"); % threshold image.
EDIT: by the way, if you want to copy and paste your comment to an answer, I can accept it as the answer :)

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Accepted Answer

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 26 Feb 2021
Try this:
functionValues = [0.38, 800, 32;
0.5, 700, 64;
0.4, 750, 16] % Whatever values you want
% Loop through all sets of values passing them to the segmentation function.
for k = 1 : size(functionValues, 1)
threshold = functionValues(k, 1);
minBlobSize = functionValues(k, 2);
radius = functionValues(k, 3);
burnedAnt = createAntSegmentation(ant, threshold, minBlobSize, radius);
% Now do something with burnedAnt, like display it, save it, call regionprops, or whatever...
function burnedAnt = createAntSegmentation(ant, threshold, minBlobSize, radius)
% Convert to gray scale if necessary. Calling rgb2gray() on a grayscale image will throw an error. Needs to be a color image.
if ndims(ant) == 3
greyant = rgb2gray(ant);
greyand = ant;
adaptedAnt = adaptthresh(greyant, threshold, "ForegroundPolarity", "dark"); % threshold image.
BW = imbinarize(greyant,adaptedAnt); % binarize ant image
BWopen = bwareaopen(~BW, minBlobSize); % exclude pixels smaller than X
se = strel("disk", radius); % create shape used for dilating image
BWdilate = imdilate(BWopen, se); % dilate image
BWfilled = imfill(BWdilate, "holes"); % fill in any holes
burnedAnt = imoverlay(ant, ~BWfilled, "k"); %produce final image
  1 Comment
BC on 26 Feb 2021
Thanks for this, appreciate the effort into writing the code! This will come in handy for testing a few different parameters quickly, though creating a structure as per the other suggestions also helps too.
Out of interest given the relevance and your experience, I have another open question regarding this segmentation function that hasn't had any responses yet - if you ever get a chance I would hugely appreciate any thoughts on it. Thanks again!

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More Answers (1)

Simon Allosserie
Simon Allosserie on 26 Feb 2021
For each number you want to change regularly, make it also an input parameter to your function.
Then, you can write a little script to go through all the options, by listing the different options per parameter in a list or matrix, and then looping through the matrix to execute the function over and over again using all the different input combinations.
Simon Allosserie
Simon Allosserie on 26 Feb 2021
You're welcome :) Please vote my answer as the correct one to close this question. Thanks!

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