cameraIntrinsics

Object for storing intrinsic camera parameters

Description

Store information about a camera’s intrinsic calibration parameters, including the lens distortion parameters.

Creation

Description

example

intrinsics = cameraIntrinsics(focalLength,principalPoint,imageSize) returns a camera intrinsics object that contains the focal length specified as [fx,fy], and the camera's principal point specified as [cx, cy]. See cameraParameters for more details.

intrinsics = cameraIntrinsics(___,Name,Value) uses additional options specified by one or name-value pairs. Enclose each property name in quotes. For example, intrinsics = cameraIntrinsics('RadialDistortion',[0,0])

Input Arguments

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Camera focal length, specified as a two-element vector, [fx, fy].

fx=F×sx

fy=F×sy

  • F is the focal length in world units, typically millimeters

  • [sx, sy] are the number of pixels per world unit in the x and y direction respectively

  • fx and fy are in pixels

Optical center of camera, specified as a two-element vector, [cx,cy], in pixels.

Image size produced by the camera, specified as a two-element vector, [mrows,ncols].

Properties

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Radial lens distortion, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of RadialDistortion and a two-element vector, [k1,k2], or a three-element vector, [k1,k2,k3]. k1,k2, and k3 are radial distortion coefficients. Radial distortion occurs when light rays bend more near the edges of a lens than they do at its optical center. The smaller the lens, the greater the distortion.

Radial distortion occurs when light rays bend more near the edges of a lens than they do at its optical center. The smaller the lens, the greater the distortion.

The camera parameters object calculates the radial distorted location of a point. You can denote the distorted points as (xdistorted, ydistorted), as follows:

xdistorted = x(1 + k1*r2 + k2*r4 + k3*r6) (1)
ydistorted= y(1 + k1*r2 + k2*r4 + k3*r6) (2)
x, y = undistorted pixel locations
k1, k2, and k3 = radial distortion coefficients of the lens
r2 = x2 + y2
Typically, two coefficients are sufficient. For severe distortion, you can include k3. The undistorted pixel locations appear in normalized image coordinates, with the origin at the optical center. The coordinates are expressed in world units.

Tangential distortion coefficients, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'TangentialDistortion' and a 2-element vector, [p1,p2]. Tangential distortion occurs when the lens and the image plane are not parallel.

The camera parameters object calculates the tangential distorted location of a point. You can denote the distorted points as (xdistorted, ydistorted), as follows:

xdistorted = x + [2 * p1 * x * y + p2 * (r2 + 2 * x2)](3)
ydistorted = y + [p1 * (r2 + 2*y2) + 2 * p2 * x * y](4)
x, y = undistorted pixel locations
p1 and p2 = tangential distortion coefficients of the lens
r2 = x2 + y2
The undistorted pixel locations appear in normalized image coordinates, with the origin at the optical center. The coordinates are expressed in world units.

Camera axes skew, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'skew' and an angle. If the x and the y axes are exactly perpendicular, then the skew must be 0.

This property is read-only.

Focal length in x and y, stored as a 2-element vector [fx, fy] in pixels.

fx = F * sx
fy = F * sy
F is the focal length in world units, typically in millimeters, and [sx, sy] are the number of pixels per world unit in the x and y direction respectively. Thus, fx and fy are in pixels.

The focal length F influences the angle of view and thus affects the area of the scene that appears focused in an image. For a fixed subject distance:

  • A short focal length offers a wide angle of view allowing to capture large area of the scene under focus. It emphasizes both the subject and the scene background.

  • A long focal length offers a narrow angle of view, thus reducing the area of the scene under focus. It emphasizes more on the subject and restricts the amount of background from being captured.

This property is read-only.

Optical center of camera, stored as a two-element vector [cx,cy] in pixels. The vector contains the coordinates of the optical center of the camera.

This property is read-only.

Image size produced by the camera, stored as a two-element vector, [mrows,ncols].

This property is read-only.

Projection matrix, stored as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'IntrinsicMatrix' and a 3-by-3 matrix. For the matrix format, the object uses the following format:

[fx00sfy0cxcy1]

The coordinates [cx cy] represent the optical center (the principal point), in pixels. When the x and y axis are exactly perpendicular, the skew parameter, s, equals 0.

fx = F*sx
fy = F*sy
F, is the focal length in world units, typically expressed in millimeters.
[sx, sy] are the number of pixels per world unit in the x and y direction respectively.
fx and fy are expressed in pixels.

Examples

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Define camera parameters without lens distortion or skew.

Specify the focal length and principal point in pixels.

    focalLength    = [800, 800]; 
    principalPoint = [320, 240];
    imageSize      = [480, 640];

Create a camera intrinsics object.

intrinsics = cameraIntrinsics(focalLength,principalPoint,imageSize)
intrinsics = 
  cameraIntrinsics with properties:

             FocalLength: [800 800]
          PrincipalPoint: [320 240]
               ImageSize: [480 640]
        RadialDistortion: [0 0]
    TangentialDistortion: [0 0]
                    Skew: 0
         IntrinsicMatrix: [3x3 double]

Introduced in R2017a