# extract first row from matrix

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Hello Matlab il 5 Feb 2015
Commentato: Hector il 18 Nov 2022
I'm trying to extract the first row from my matrix and put in a vector like [m,n]
my matrix is 2x5 size.
but I'm getting errors, Indexing cannot yield multiple results.
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### Risposte (7)

Hikaru il 5 Feb 2015
You have the wrong syntax.
Lets say A is your 2x5 matrix.
A = rand(2,5)
Then to extract the first row, you simply use:
V = A(1,:);
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Stephen23 il 5 Feb 2015
Modificato: Stephen23 il 7 Feb 2015
@Hello Matlab: Your explanation is inconsistent: "...to get the first row to a vector of 1x2..." and "assign those two value to [m,n]" means two quite different things. Do you want to obtain the vector of the first row, OR to get two variables m,n corresponding to the elements of the first row of the matrix? So far Hikaru and I have addressed both of these, so if there is something that is not clear, you need to explain it to us again.
Hector il 18 Nov 2022
Thank you

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MathWorks Support Team il 27 Nov 2018
To extract any row from a matrix, use the colon operator in the second index position of your matrix. For example, consider the following:
A = [1 2 3; 4 5 6];
row1 = A(1,:)
row2 = A(2,:)
“row1” is the first row of “A”, and “row2” is the second row.
For more on basic indexing, see:
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Stephen Porter il 28 Nov 2020
If you use a for loop to iterate so many times, how do you acess the first elemeent after the loop is complete?

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Stephen23 il 5 Feb 2015
Modificato: Stephen23 il 5 Feb 2015
What you are trying to do is create a comma-separated list from a numeric vector. As far as I know, there is no inbuilt way to achieve this. This question has also been asked before , you might find other discussions on this online.
Usually in MATLAB it makes a lot more sense to keep your data together in arrays, so it may not be necessary to do this multiple-assignment. You should consider this. However if it really is necessary to do this multiple assignment, then you could:
2. Assign via a cell array:
B = num2cell(A(1,1:2));
[n,m] = B{:};
Although the first option is much clearer!
EDIT: on re-reading your question, it seems that perhaps all you are after is just the vector of the first row of A, in which case you do not need to assign to two separate values first, as you can just extract the vector directly:
V = A(1,:);
If you just need the row (vector), then there is no need in MATLAB to create intermediate variables m,n.
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Lizan Mohammed il 1 Mar 2021
What is the command if I want to have a matrix that has a column of all elements as 273, %our number of elememts is 38

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naazneen vhora il 11 Mag 2018
if i wanted to extract a certain column without the first element how would i do that.
for example, if my column has the values: 2,3,4,5,6... and i want to access all the values in the column after 2 how would i do that? Yes i mean column for typing reasons i wrote it horizontally.
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Stephen23 il 11 Mag 2018
Using basic MATLAB indexing:
M(2:end,C)
for column C of matrix M. Basic MATLAB indexing is explained in the introductory tutorials:

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KAMOOSH BABA SHAIK il 1 Apr 2021
You can combine indexing with assignment to change array values to equal other elements. For example, this code would change the value of x(1) to x(2):
x(1) = x(2)
Try changing the first column of data to the second column of data.
ans : data(:,1) = data(:,2)
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SANTOSH MOHAPATRA il 17 Apr 2019
I have a matrix of dimension(256, 32), means rows=256 and column=32. I want to select 128 rows of the particular matrix and make another Vector of dimension (1, 256*32) means to represent all the elements in a single row. How can I do that?
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Stephen23 il 17 Apr 2019
No loop required, just use indexing and reshape (and possibly transpose, depending on the order you want).

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Abhishek Mishra il 21 Ott 2020
You can combine indexing with assignment to change array values to equal other elements. For example, this code would change the value of x(1) to x(2):
x(1) = x(2)
Try changing the first column of data to the second column of data.
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