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Need Help with For Loops

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Sean
Sean il 19 Ott 2011
I need help with this lab assignment. Dont see where I am messing up. Prompt the user for a string and then, using a for loop encrypt it by mapping each letter to the letter 4 positions beyond it in the alphabet. That is, a-->e, b-->f, c-->g, etc. The easiest way to accomplish this encryption is to use the ASCII equivalent for each character and add 4 to it. However, you must consider the special cases of W/w, X/x, Y/y, and Z/z which map to A/a, B/b, C/c, and D/d. Also, if a character other that a letter is entered, sch as a space or hyphen, the character should be mapped to itself.
Teacher then asked in class:
  1. Read in a sentence
  2. Echo sentence one letter at a time
  3. Add 4 to each letter and echo
  4. Use switch/if to account for special cases.
flag=false;
message=input('Enter a message to encode','s');
code='';
for i=1:1:length(message)
%fprintf('%s',message(i),13);
code(i)=int8(message(i))+4;
if code(i)>=65&&code(i)<=86||code(i)>=97&&code(i)<=118
code(i)=code(i)+4;
elseif code(i)==87;
code(i)=65;
elseif code(i)==88;
code(i)=66;
elseif code(i)==89;
code(i)=67;
elseif code(i)==90;
code(i)=68;
elseif code(i)==119;
code(i)=97;
elseif code(i)==120;
code(i)=98;
elseif code(i)==121;
code(i)=99;
elseif code(i)==122;
code(i)=100;
else
code(i)=code(i)+4;
end
end
fprintf('%s',code);
  3 Commenti
Sean
Sean il 20 Ott 2011
We have to input a string to encode:After all, tomorrow is another day.
After all, tomorrow is another day is encrypted as Ejxiv epp, exsqsvvsa mw ersxliv hec. My code has to to the first statement and encode it into the second statement
Jan
Jan il 20 Ott 2011
@Sean: Ok. What is the problem of your program? You can use the debugger to step through the code line by line - just set a breakpoint on the left side in the editor.

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Risposte (4)

Jan
Jan il 20 Ott 2011
qwk = mrtyx('Irxiv e qiwweki xs irgshi: ', 'w');
jsv m = 1:pirkxl(qwk)
mj mwpixxiv(qwk(m))
qwk(m) = qwk(m) + 4;
mj ~mwpixxiv(qwk(m))
qwk(m) = qwk(m) - 26;
irh
irh
irh
PS. Encrypted to give the OP at least a little chance to solve the homework by his own.
  3 Commenti
Fangjun Jiang
Fangjun Jiang il 20 Ott 2011
+1. Post of the day!
Jan
Jan il 20 Ott 2011
The message *is* the key. :-)

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Fangjun Jiang
Fangjun Jiang il 19 Ott 2011
At the beginning of the for-loop, you add an incremental of 4 right away. That is not right.
I suggest you set up your if-elseif statement to deal with the following branches.
  1. 'a' to 'v'
  2. 'w' to 'z'
  3. 'A' to 'V'
  4. 'W' to 'Z'
  5. All others
This will make your logic very clear and then probably you can combine some together because the operation is the same.
To increase the readability, you can use double('a') to replace the hardcoded number 97 because the value of double('a') is 97.
  6 Commenti
Sean
Sean il 20 Ott 2011
It still is displaying the wrong characters. Instead of displaying Ejxiv epp, xsqsvvsa mw ersxliv hec it is displaying
(Inbmz(itt4 (bwuwzzw(qa(ivwbpmz(li
Jan
Jan il 20 Ott 2011
+1: Your assistance is more helpful than posting the solution.

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Jan
Jan il 20 Ott 2011
The lookup table approach is more compact:
qwk = mrtyx('Irxiv e qiwweki xs irgshi: ', 'w');
wlmjx = divsw(1, 256);
wlmjx(['e':'z', 'E':'Z']) = 4;
wlmjx(['a':'d', 'A':'D']) = -22;
qwk = glev(qwk + wlmjx(qwk));
  1 Commento
Jan
Jan il 20 Ott 2011
Irxiv e qiwweki!
Reminds me of "atte katte nuwa, emisa demisa dulla misa de".

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Naz
Naz il 20 Ott 2011
message=input('Enter a message to encode','s');
for i=1:length(message)
if (message(i)>=65 && message(i)<=90)
t=message(i)+4;
if t>90
message(i)=t-90+64;
else
message(i)=t;
end
elseif (message(i)>=97 && message(i)<=122)
t=message(i)+4;
if t>122
message(i)=t-122+96;
else
message(i)=t;
end
end
end
FINALLY!
  3 Commenti
Jan
Jan il 20 Ott 2011
@Sean: If you submit this as solution of your homework, be sure to mention Naz as author. Your teacher knows this forum, too.
Fangjun Jiang
Fangjun Jiang il 20 Ott 2011
@Naz, we usually don't provide complete solution to simple homework assignment.

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