# Index in position 1 is invalid. Array indices must be positive integers or logical values.

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Mustaqim il 21 Giu 2023
Risposto: Kanishk Singhal il 21 Giu 2023
I want to solve problem using Runge-Kutta 4th method but my coding have error of "Index in position 1 is invalid. Array indices must be positive integers or logical values, Error in (line 25), k1=h*f(t(i),y(i));"
The coding is as below:
%Setup
clear all;
close all;
clc;
% Define input values
g = 9.81; % acceleration of gravity (m/s^2)
v = 20; % initial speed (m/s)
theta = 30 * pi/180; % angle (rad)
%Define step size
h = 0.1;
% Define initial condition
t(1)=0;
y(1)=0;
%Define the equation
f=@(t,y) y;
f=v*sin(theta)-g*t;
%RK 4th method
for i=1:24
k1=h*f(t(i),y(i));
k2=h*f(t(i)+h/2,y(i)+k1/2);
k3=h*f(t(i)+h,y(i)+k2);
k4=h*f(t(i)+h,y(i)+k3);
t(i+1) = t(i)+h;
y(i+1)=y(i)+1/6*(k1+2*k2+2*k3+k4);
end
%Plot graph as result
plot (t,y,':'), axis ([0 2.5 0 7]), grid
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### Risposta accettata

Angelo Yeo il 21 Giu 2023
Modificato: Angelo Yeo il 21 Giu 2023
You have defined two different f's in line 15 and 16.
>> f=@(t,y) y; % line 15
>> f=v*sin(theta)-g*t; % line 16
Below is the changed code and result.
%Setup
clear;
close all;
clc;
% Define input values
g = 9.81; % acceleration of gravity (m/s^2)
v = 20; % initial speed (m/s)
theta = 30 * pi/180; % angle (rad)
%Define step size
h = 0.1;
% Define initial condition
t(1)=0;
y(1)=0;
%Define the equation
% f=@(t,y) y;
f=@(t,y) v*sin(theta)-g*t;
%RK 4th method
for i=1:24
k1=h*f(t(i),y(i));
k2=h*f(t(i)+h/2,y(i)+k1/2);
k3=h*f(t(i)+h,y(i)+k2);
k4=h*f(t(i)+h,y(i)+k3);
t(i+1) = t(i)+h;
y(i+1)=y(i)+1/6*(k1+2*k2+2*k3+k4);
end
%Plot graph as result
plot(t,y,':'), axis ([0 2.5 0 7]), grid
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### Più risposte (2)

Mrinal Anand il 21 Giu 2023
The error is because you have indexed t and y without initializing them as arrays:
t(1)=0;
y(1)=0;
Your for loop required 25 values for t and y, so you should initialise them as arrays:
% Define initial condition
t = zeros(1,25);
y = zeros(1,25);
In addition, you have given two definitions for f. I am assuming you want to use the second equation, hence you should use '@' to define that as a function rather than the first one:
%Define the equation
f = @(t,y) v*sin(theta)-g*t;
Your code should run after these changes.
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Kanishk Singhal il 21 Giu 2023
You are having some confusion at line 22 and line 23,
f=@(t,y) y; % 22
f=v*sin(theta)-g*t; % 23
You are defing 'f' as a function at line 22 but over riding it at line 23, as a value.
Then you are using f as a function at line 25 but as it is overridden as value MATLAB is trying to access it as matrix as you have provided row and coloumn in form of t(1) and y(1) and thus throwing the error.
I think what you were trying to do was,
f=@(t,vy) vy*sin(theta)-g*t;
You might also want to check your equations in the for loop and the axis ranges in last line.
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