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distance between a point and elements of a matrix

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Dear;
I am looking for an efficient way to compute the distance between coordinates (x,y,z) and the elements of a 3D matrix. For expample for a M3D[1:nx,1:ny,1:nz] I would like to get ahother 3D matrix Distance3D where each element in the new matrix will be:
M3D(ix,iy,iz)=sqrt((ix-x)^2+(iy-y)^2+(iz-z)^2);
Where ix runs for 1 to nx, so on.
Thanks in advance;

Risposta accettata

Luis Isaac
Luis Isaac il 21 Apr 2017
This could be the solution
[ny,nx,nz]=size(M3D);
[xx,yy,zz] = meshgrid((1:nx)-x,(1:ny)-y,(1:nz)-z);
M3D_dist=sqrt(xx.^2 + yy.^2 + zz.^2);

Più risposte (2)

Fei Deng
Fei Deng il 17 Apr 2017
Are you calculating the distance between coordinates (x,y,z) and the elements of a 3D matrix, OR the distance between coordinates (x,y,z) and the index of a 3D matrix? From your equation, it should be latter case, isn't it? In that case, I probably would just use 3 for-loops.

Luis Isaac
Luis Isaac il 21 Apr 2017
Many Thanks
Yes it is the second; I am traing to calculate de distance from a point with coordinates (x,y,z) and the indexes of a 3D matrix. Of course, 3 for-loops is one of the solution the question, but I am looking for a vectoriced and quicker version of this problem.

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