Terminate block of code or indicate last array index
end also terminates a declared function. Although it is sometimes
end for better code readability.
is required in these cases:
If a file contains functions, and one of the functions is terminated with
end, then every function in the file must be terminated with
If a file contains a function with one or more nested functions, then every function in the file must be terminated with
If a script contains one or more local functions, then every function in the file must be terminated with
end also represents the last index of an array. For example,
X(end) is the last element of
X(3:end) selects the third through final elements of
Terminate Conditional Statement and
end to close an
if statement and a
for loop. The first instance of
end pairs with the
if statement, and the second pairs with the
a = [0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0]; for k = 1:length(a) if a(k) == 0 a(k) = 2; end end
Terminate Switch Block
end to terminate a
choice = 1; switch choice case 1 disp('Vote for no. 1') case 2 disp('Vote for no. 2') otherwise disp('Abstain') end
Vote for no. 1
Declare a function in a file named
calculateAverage.m and save it in the current folder. Use
end to terminate the function.
function ave = calculateAverage(x) ave = sum(x(:))/numel(x); end
The function accepts an input array, calculates the average of its elements, and returns a scalar. Call the function from the command line.
z = 1:99; ave = calculateAverage(z)
ave = 50
Access Elements of Vector
Create a vector
x = 1:15;
Access the fifth through final elements of
ans = 1×11 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Access the odd-index elements of
ans = 1×8 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15
Access Last Row of Matrix
Access the last row of a matrix
A = magic(3)
A = 3×3 8 1 6 3 5 7 4 9 2
B = A(end,:)
B = 1×3 4 9 2
Classes can overload the
endfunction to implement specialized behavior. For more information, see end as Object Index.
If an array
Xalready exists, you can use
endto grow the array size and append other elements to the array. For example,
X(end+1) = 5increases the length of
Xby 1 and adds a new element to the end of
endis sometimes optional in a function file, use it for better code readability.
Calculate with arrays that have more rows than fit in memory.
This function fully supports tall arrays. For more information, see Tall Arrays.
C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.
Run code in the background using MATLAB®
backgroundPool or accelerate code with Parallel Computing Toolbox™
This function fully supports thread-based environments. For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions in Thread-Based Environment.
Accelerate code by running on a graphics processing unit (GPU) using Parallel Computing Toolbox™.
This function fully supports GPU arrays. For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions on a GPU (Parallel Computing Toolbox).
Partition large arrays across the combined memory of your cluster using Parallel Computing Toolbox™.
This function fully supports distributed arrays. For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions with Distributed Arrays (Parallel Computing Toolbox).
Introduced before R2006a