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readFrame

Read next video frame

Description

example

video = readFrame(v) reads the next available video frame from the file associated with v.

video = readFrame(v,'native') returns data in the format specified by the VideoFormat property.

Examples

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Create a VideoReader object for the sample video file xylophone_video.mp4.

v = VideoReader("xylophone_video.mp4");

Read all the frames from the video, one frame at a time.

while hasFrame(v)
    frame = readFrame(v);
end

Display information about the last frame returned by readFrame.

whos frame
  Name         Size                Bytes  Class    Attributes

  frame      240x320x3            230400  uint8              

Clear the VideoReader object.

clear v

Create a VideoReader object for the sample video file xylophone_video.mp4.

v = VideoReader("xylophone_video.mp4");

Specify to start reading frames at 2.5 seconds from the beginning of the video.

v.CurrentTime = 2.5;

Create an axes object to display the frame. Then continue to read and display video frames until no more frames are available to read.

currAxes = axes;
while hasFrame(v)
    vidFrame = readFrame(v);
    image(vidFrame,"Parent",currAxes)
    currAxes.Visible = "off";
    pause(1/v.FrameRate)
end

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type image.

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type image.

Clear the VideoReader object.

clear v

Create a VideoReader object for the sample video file xylophone_video.mp4. Then determine the width and height of the video.

xyloObj = VideoReader("xylophone_video.mp4");
vidWidth = xyloObj.Width;
vidHeight = xyloObj.Height;

Create a video structure array.

mov = struct("cdata",zeros(vidHeight,vidWidth,3,"uint8"),colormap=[]);

Read one frame at a time until the end of the video.

k = 1;
while hasFrame(xyloObj)
    mov(k).cdata = readFrame(xyloObj);
    k = k+1;
end

Size a figure based on the width and height of the video, and then play the video one time.

vf = figure(Position=[0 0 xyloObj.Width xyloObj.Height]);
imshow(mov(1).cdata,Border="tight")
movie(vf,mov,1,xyloObj.FrameRate)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type image.

Clear the VideoReader object.

clear xyloObj

Input Arguments

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Input VideoReader object. Use the VideoReader function to create a VideoReader object from your video file.

Output Arguments

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Video frame data, returned as an array. The dimensions and data type of video depend on the VideoFormat property of obj.

The following table lists the data type and dimensions of video for most files. H is the image frame height and W is the image frame width. When the VideoFormat property of obj is 'Indexed', the data type and dimensions of video depend on whether you call readFrame with the 'native' argument.

Value of obj.VideoFormatData Type of videoDimensions of videoDescription
'RGB24', with or without specifying 'native'uint8

H-by-W-by-3

RGB24 image

'Grayscale', without specifying 'native'uint8

H-by-W-by-1

Grayscale image

'Indexed', without specifying 'native'uint8

H-by-W-by-3

RGB24 image

'Grayscale' or 'Indexed', specifying 'native'struct

1-by-1

MATLAB® movie, which is an array of frame structure arrays, each containing the fields cdata and colormap.

For Motion JPEG 2000 files, the data type and dimensions of video are as follows.

Value of obj.VideoFormatData Type of videoDimensions of videoDescription
'Mono8'uint8

H-by-W-by-1

Mono image

'Mono8 Signed'int8

H-by-W-by-1

Mono signed image

'Mono16'uint16

H-by-W-by-1

Mono image

'Mono16 Signed'int16

H-by-W-by-1

Mono signed image

'RGB24'uint8

H-by-W-by-3

RGB24 image

'RGB24 Signed'int8

H-by-W-by-3

RGB24 signed image

'RGB48'uint16

H-by-W-by-3

RGB48 image

'RGB48 Signed'int16

H-by-W-by-3

RGB48 signed image

Limitations

  • For some AVI, MOV, or MP4 files on Windows®, using the readFrame function to read all of the frames in the file can result in a different number of frames from the value returned by the NumFrames property of the VideoReader object.

Extended Capabilities

Version History

Introduced in R2014b