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Contour with discrete (x,y) and continuous z

I have a 3D data in which the x and y are piece-wise constant and z is constant in the interval of x and y. I would like to plot them with Matlab contourf function. The problem is that for an interval x,y the value z is interpolated. For example for x between x1 and x2 and y between y1 and y2, the value of z is k. Currently contourf in Matlab plots the interpolation of z around the region of x1,x2 and y1,y2. How can I keep the values of z is set constant in region between x1 and x2 and y1 and y2?
Thank you in advance.
Zul

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3 Answers

Answer by Image Analyst
on 16 Jul 2011
 Accepted Answer

That is 2D data. You have a matrix that has a value for two independent dimensions, x and y. That is 2D data. It can be represented as a image. You can increase the resolution with imresize (to get "in between" values of x and y) and the 'nearest' option if you want it to have a blocky stair step appearance. Then you can display it with imshow(), or with surf if you want a surface kind of appearance. I (and some others) call something like surf a 2.5D representation since it's not really 3D data (like a CT or MRI image where you have 3 dimensions or indexes into an array) but rather a 3D representation of 2D data.

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I have not used image processing toolbox. What function is used as a start, to create the image?
Then, I guess I can play with imresize.

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Answer by Fangjun Jiang
on 16 Jul 2011

I am not sure if I fully understand your need. Does the following options for contourf() fit you need?
[x,y,z]=peaks(10);
figure(1);contourf(x,y,z);
figure(2);contourf(x,y,z,10);
figure(3);contourf(x,y,z,z);
Or do you want to achieve the same effect as below but want to apply to 3D?
figure(4);plot(1:50);
figure(5);stairs(1:50);

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Yes, like the second but in 3D and regular grid.
Please provide an example with small number of data. I don't think contourf() is the right function to look at at the first place.

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Answer by Zulkifli Hidayat on 16 Jul 2011

It seems that I am not clear enough. I need something like function stairs, but in 3D and the amplitude is in color. I hope it is more clear now.

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