Main Content

Analysis of Bond Futures

The following example demonstrates analyzing German Euro-Bund futures traded on Eurex. However, convfactor, bndfutprice, and bndfutimprepo apply to bond futures in the U.S., U.K., Germany, and Japan. The workflow for this analysis is:

  1. Calculate bond conversion factors.

  2. Calculate implied repo rates to find the CTD bond.

  3. Price the bond future using the term implied repo rate.

Calculating Bond Conversion Factors

Use conversion factors to normalize the price of a particular bond for delivery in a futures contract. When using conversion factors, the assumption is that a bond for delivery has a 6% coupon. Use convfactor to calculate conversion factors for all bond futures from the U.S., Germany, Japan, and U.K.

For example, conversion factors for Euro-Bund futures on Eurex are listed at The delivery date for Euro-Bund futures is the 10th day of the month, as opposed to bond futures in the U.S., where the short position has the option of choosing when to deliver the bond.

For the 4% bond, compute the conversion factor with:

CF1 = convfactor('10-Sep-2009','04-Jul-2018', .04,.06,3)
CF1 =


This syntax for convfactor works fine for bonds with standard coupon periods. However, some deliverable bonds have long or short first coupon periods. Compute the conversion factors for such bonds using the optional input parameters StartDate and FirstCouponDate. Specify all optional input arguments for convfactor as parameter/value pairs:

CF2 = convfactor(datetime(2009,9,10),datetime(2019,1,4), .0375,'Convention',3,'startdate',...
CF2 =


Calculating Implied Repo Rates to Find the CTD Bond

To determine the availability of the cheapest bond for deliverable bonds against a futures contract, compute the implied repo rate for each bond. The bond with the highest repo rate is the cheapest because it has the lowest initial value, thus yielding a higher return, provided you deliver it with the stated futures price. Use bndfutimprepo to calculate repo rates:

% Bond Properties
CouponRate = [.0425;.0375;.035];
Maturity = [datenum('04-Jul-2018');datenum('04-Jan-2019');datenum('04-Jul-2019')];
CF = [0.882668;0.842556;0.818193];
Price = [105.00;100.89;98.69];

% Futures Properties
FutSettle = '09-Jun-2009';
FutPrice = 118.54;
Delivery = '10-Sep-2009';

% Note that the default for BNDFUTIMPREPO is for the bonds to be
% semi-annual with a day count basis of 0.  Since these are German
% bonds, we need to have a Basis of 8 and a Period of 1
ImpRepo = bndfutimprepo(Price, FutPrice, FutSettle, Delivery, CF, ...
CouponRate, Maturity,'Basis',8,'Period',1)
ImpRepo =


Pricing Bond Futures Using the Term Implied Repo Rate

Use bndfutprice to perform price calculations for all bond futures from the U.S., Germany, Japan, and U.K. To price the bond, given a term repo rate:

% Assume a term repo rate of .0091;
RepoRate = .0091;
[FutPrice,AccrInt] = bndfutprice(RepoRate, Price(1), FutSettle,...
Delivery, CF(1), CouponRate(1), Maturity(1),...
FutPrice =


AccrInt =


See Also

| | | | | | | | |

Related Examples

More About